How does groupthink affect decision making in an organasation essay
The nine steps of the decision making process are: identifying the problem, defining criteria, setting goals and objectives, evaluating the effect of the problem, identifying the causes of the problem, framing alternatives, evaluating impacts of the alternatives, making the decision, implementing the decision, and measuring the impacts. Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within groups of people, in which the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives. Groupthink plays important roles in social centers as it helps in effective communication, formulation of important decisions, generation of skills among others that could be useful in the decision making processes of the organization. Groupthink is one of the nefarious decision-making missteps of teams, and a trap that many smart people and groups have fallen victim to throughout history from the classic example cited in nearly every discussion on decision-making, the kennedy administration’s bay of pigs fiasco, to ford’s. The process of making a moral or ethical decision is governed largely by the values that are applied when making the decision in any case where a decision is being made, there are a range of values that can potentially impact the decision.
Though janis’ groupthink model does not explicitly mention it, leaders can use legitimate, referent and expert power to dole out rewards and punishments and in that affect the decision-making process (flowers, 1977. Groupthink has been linked to many famous disasters where group decision making lead to the end result janis used historical events such as the bay of pigs, pearl harbor, and the escalation of the vietnam war to explain the characteristics of groupthink in policy making. Effect of group dynamics on decision outcomes3 groupthink has become a widely studied and utilized theory in social psychology, organizational theory, political science, management fields, and group decision-making literature.
Groupthink and isolation groupthink tends to occur in isolated groups, especially in groups with no clear rules for decision making and in groups where all of the people involved have similar backgrounds. A group is more vulnerable to groupthink when the group is composed of members with similar backgrounds, is highly cohesive, has no clear rules or defined processes for decision making, has an. It is definitely an undeniable fact that groupthink has been a large part of decision making in the united states government for a long time as we speak, arguably the best current example of groupthink that the american government is facing is the obama care. Freebase (000 / 0 votes) rate this definition: groupthink groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people, in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an incorrect or deviant decision-making outcome. “groupthink is caused when concurrence seeking becomes paramount in team decision-making” “while groupthink may have contributed to the number of people involved in the unethical behaviors as well as the length of time over which worldcom’s fraud occurred, groupthink does not resolve.
Groups that become contaminated by groupthink fail to analyse critically and discuss adequately alternative courses of action8] brainstorming differs from these approaches in that it is a more focused group decision-making process that enables groups to make effective decisions while avoiding the pitfalls of groupthink. Socail: consensus and smaller independent teams essay groupthink, occurs when a group makes faulty decisions because group pressures lead to a deterioration of “mental efficiency, reality testing, and moral judgment” this is a phenomenon in which people strive for consensus within a group. A manifestation of the groupthink phenomenon is the staggering irrationality which can beset the thinking of the otherwise highly competent, intelligent, conscientious individuals when they begin acting as a group or team and this affects organisational effectiveness.
Groupthink is a common phenomenon in team discussions and decision-making processes groupthink can occur quickly and without detection, which makes groupthink extremely detrimental to team success this article defines groupthink and explains why it occurs among teams. The situational environment also has an effect on the extent to which cultural values and norms affect the decision-making process in addition, when people work closely together on a project, individuals tend to take on the core values of the group. Groupthink, the levels of risk associated with the decisions, the rationality of the decision-maker as well as cultural and political influences all play an important role in influencing our decision making. Groupthink can also promote needed buy in by promoting a united front once the decision-making process is complete and implementation begins leaders often inspire groupthink in the form of. Ben dattner, an industrial and organizational psychologist and adjunct professor at new york university, says that leaders may find groupthink leads to decisions that can have disastrous outcomes for example, president kennedy’s subordinates used groupthink to jump to the conclusion that the us should invade cuba in 1961, because they knew.
How does groupthink affect decision making in an organasation essay
Groupthink occurs when a team or organization becomes so similar in their outlook that they lose the ability to be creative in their decision making the results is an environment where. Groupthink is the communications theory that addresses, “ defective decision making on the part of a cohesive decision-making group in which loyalty to real or perceived group norms take precedence over independent, critical judgment” (redd & mintz, 2013. Factors such as group member background, lack of an impartial leader and extreme external threats play into the likelihood of whether or not groupthink will impact the decision-making process the primary consequence of groupthink is the loss of individual creativity, uniqueness, and independent thinking. Groupthink - organizational behavior groupthink by vikram karve groupthink - a barrier organisational effectiveness effect and symptoms of groupthink colleagues and subordinates will become “yes-men”, and groupthink will take over decision making.
- Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome.
- According to janis (1972, p 8), groupthink is “the psychological drive for consensus at any cost that suppresses dissent and appraisal of alternatives in cohesive decision-making groups” he contrasted groupthink with vigilant decision making, in which there is critical appraisal and open discussion of the various options.
Explain how groupthink can harm effective group decision making outline the ways that lack of information sharing can reduced decision-making quality in group contexts explain why brainstorming can often be counterproductive to sound decision making in groups. Anxiety can have a major affect on decision making a decision maker usually does not process information as accurately as in the state of normal thinking and sometimes the attention is drawn away from solving the decision problem and the decision maker focuses more on the overcoming the anxiety (chapman, 2006, p 1396) this is a negative. Groupthink is a theory dedicated to understanding the decision-making process in small groups janis believes that groups frequently make decisions with profound consequences, and although he focused his efforts on foreign policy groups, the application of groupthink terminology resonates in many other decision-making groups.